View AbstractAbstract: We introduce a construction that associates a Riemannian metric $g_F$ (called the
Binet-Legendre metric) to a
given Finsler metric $F$ on a smooth manifold $M$. The transformation
$F \mapsto g_F$ is $C^0$-stable and has good
smoothness properties, in contrast to previously considered
constructions. The Riemannian metric $g_F$ also behaves nicely under
conformal or isometric transformations of the Finsler metric $F$ that
makes it a powerful tool in Finsler geometry. We illustrate that by
solving a number of named problems in Finsler geometry. In particular
we extend a classical result of Wang to all dimensions. We answer a
question of Matsumoto about local conformal mapping between two
Berwaldian spaces and use it to investigation of essentially conformally Berwaldian manifolds.
We describe all possible conformal self maps and all self similarities
on a Finsler manifold, generasing the famous result of Obata to Finslerian manifolds. We also classify all compact conformally flat
Finsler manifolds. We solve a conjecture of Deng and Hou on locally
symmetric Finsler spaces. We prove smoothness of isometries of Holder-continuous Finsler metrics. We construct new ``easy to calculate''
conformal and metric invariants of finsler manifolds.
The results are based on the papers arXiv:1104.1647, arXiv:1409.5611,
partially joint with M. Troyanov (EPF Lausanne) and Yu. Nikolayevsky (Melbourne).