Avron Douglis (1918-1995) received an AB degree in economics from the University of Chicago in 1938. After working as an economist for three years and serving in World War II he began graduate studies in mathematics at New York University. He received his doctorate in 1949 under the direction of Richard Courant. He held a one-year post-doctoral appointment at the California Institute of Technology, and then returned to New York University as an assistant and then associate professor. In 1956 he accepted an appointment as associate professor at the University of Maryland, where he remained for the rest of his career, except for visiting appointments at the Universities of Minnesota, Oxford, and Newcastle upon Tyne. He was promoted to full professor in 1958 and became an emeritus in 1988.

Avron Douglis's research, noted for its depth, precision, and richness, covered the entire range of the theory of partial differential equations: linear and nonlinear; elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic. The famous papers he had written with S. Agmon and L. Nirenberg are among the most frequently cited in all of mathematics.

The Avron Douglis Library is housed in the department.

The Avron Douglis Lectures were established by the family and friends of Avron Douglis to honor his memory. Each academic year it brings to Maryland a distinguished expert to speak on a subject related to partial differential equations.

The lectures are held at 3:00 p.m. in room 3206 in the Department of Mathematics, unless noted otherwise below.

April 19, 2013

Topology-Preserving Diffusion of Divergence-Free Vector Fields

Yann Brenier
École Polytechnique

The usual heat equation is not suitable to preserve the topology of divergence-free vector fields, because it destroys their integral line structure. On the contrary, in the fluid mechanics literature, one can find examples of topology-preserving diffusion equations for divergence-free vector fields. They are very degenerate since they admit all stationary solutions to the Euler equations of incompressible fluids as equilibrium points. For them, we provide a suitable concept of ”dissipative solutions”, which shares common features with both P.-L. Lions’ dissipative solutions to the Euler equations and the concept of ”curves of maximal slopes”, à la De Giorgi, recently used by Gigli and collaborators to study the scalar heat equation in very general metric spaces. We show that the initial value problem admits global "dissipative" solutions (at least for two space dimensions) and that they are unique whenever they are smooth.

February 8, 2012

On the rigidity of black holes

Sergiu Klainerman
Princeton University

The rigidity conjecture states that all regular, stationary solutions of the Einstein field equations in vacuum are isometric to the Kerr solution. The simple motivation behind this conjecture is that one expects, due to gravitational radiation, that general, dynamic, solutions of the Einstein field equation settle down, asymptotically, into a stationary regime. A well known result of Carter, Robinson and Hawking has settled the conjecture in the class of real analytic spacetimes. The assumption of real analyticity is however very problematic; there is simply no physical or mathematical justification for it. During the last five years I have developed, in collaboration with A. Ionescu and S. Alaxakis, a strategy to dispense of it. In my lecture I will these results and concentrate on some recent results obtained in collaboration with A. Ionescu.

February 25, 2011

Mathematical Strategies for Real Time Filtering of Turbulent Dynamical Systems

Andrew Majda
Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences -- New York University

An important emerging scientific issue in many practical problems ranging from climate and weather prediction to biological science involves the real time filtering and prediction through partial observations of noisy turbulent signals for complex dynamical systems with many degrees of freedom as well as the statistical accuracy of various strategies to cope with the .curse of dimensions.. The speaker and his collaborators, Harlim (North Carolina State University), Gershgorin (CIMS Post doc), and Grote (University of Basel) have developed a systematic applied mathematics perspective on all of these issues. One part of these ideas blends classical stability analysis for PDE's and their finite difference approximations, suitable versions of Kalman filtering, and stochastic models from turbulence theory to deal with the large model errors in realistic systems. Many new mathematical phenomena occur. Another aspect involves the development of test suites of statistically exactly solvable models and new NEKF algorithms for filtering and prediction for slow-fast system, moist convection, and turbulent tracers. Here a stringent suite of test models for filtering and stochastic parameter estimation is developed based on NEKF algorithms in order to systematically correct both multiplicative and additive bias in an imperfect model. As briefly described in the talk, there are both significantly increased filtering and predictive skill through the NEKF stochastic parameter estimation algorithms provided that these are guided by mathematical theory. The recent paper by Majda et al (Discrete and Cont. Dyn. Systems, 2010, Vol. 2, 441-486) as well as a forthcoming introductory graduate text by Majda and Harlim (Cambridge U. Press) provide an overview of this research.

April 24, 2009

The global behavior of solutions to critical nonlinear dispersive and wave equations

Carlos E. Kenig
University of Chicago

In this lecture we will describe a method (which I call the concentration-compactness/rigidity theorem method) which Frank Merle and I have developed to study global well-posedness and scattering for critical non-linear dispersive and wave equations. Such problems are natural extensions of non-linear elliptic problems which were studied earlier, for instance in the context of the Yamabe problem and of harmonic maps. We will illustrate the method with some concrete examples and also mention other applications of these ideas.

April 25, 2008

Surface Waves and Images

Joseph B. Keller
Stanford University

March 30, 2007

Steady Water Waves: Theory and Computation

Walter Strauss
Brown University

September 30, 2005

A New Perspective on Motion by Curvature

Robert V. Kohn
Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University

April 15, 2005

Conservation Laws and Some Consequences

Cathleen Synge Morawetz
Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University

March 5, 2004

Hyperbolic Conservation Laws with Dissipation

Constantine Dafermos
Brown University, Division of Applied Mathematics

October 8, 2002

Topology and Sobolev Spaces

Haim Brezis
Universite de Paris VI, Insitiut Universitaire de France, and Rutgers University

April 12, 2002

Navier-Stokes and Other Super-critical Equations

Vladmir Sverak
University of Minnesota

April 20, 2001

Shock Wave Theory

Tai-Ping Liu
Academia Sinica, Taiwan & Stanford University

March 31, 2000

Effective Hamiltonians

Lawrence C. Evans
University of California, Berkeley

April 23, 1999

Some remarks on homogenization

Luis Caffarelli
University of Texas, Austin

April 17, 1998

An Example of Diffusion-Induced Blowup of a Parabolic System

Hans Weinberger
University of Minnesota

April 4, 1997

The Zero Dispersion Limit

Peter Lax
Courant Institute

May 9, 1996

Degree Theory Beyond Continuous Maps

Louis Nirenberg
Courant Institute

Directions

How to get to the Department of Mathematics by car, by Metro, from airports

Archives: 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 | 2017 | 2018

  • Math Department Welcome

    Speaker: () -

    When: Wed, September 13, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • Approximation Algorithms: Some ancient, some new - the good, the bad and the ugly

    Speaker: Samir Khuller (University of Maryland Computer Science ) - https://www.cs.umd.edu/users/samir/

    When: Wed, September 20, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: NP-complete problems abound in every aspect of our daily lives. One approach is to simply deploy heuristics, but for many of these we do not have any idea as to when the heuristic is effective and when it is not. Approximation algorithms have played a major role in the last three decades in developing a foundation for a better understanding of optimization techniques - greedy algorithms, algorithms based on LinearProgramming (LP) relaxations have paved the way for the design of (in some cases) optimal heuristics. Are these the best ones to use in “typical” instances? Maybe, maybe not.


    In this talk we will focus on two specific areas - one is in the use of greedy algorithms for a basic graph problem called connected dominating set, and the other is in the development of LP based algorithms for a basic scheduling problem in the context of data center scheduling.
  • Faculty Meeting with CMNS Interim Dean, Jerry Wilkinson

    Speaker: (CMNS Dean's Office) -

    When: Wed, September 27, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • Binet-Legendre metric and applications of Riemannian results in Finsler geometry

    Speaker: Vladimir Matveev (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena ) - http://users.minet.uni-jena.de/~matveev/

    When: Wed, October 4, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: We introduce a construction that associates a Riemannian metric $g_F$ (called the
    Binet-Legendre metric) to a
    given Finsler metric $F$ on a smooth manifold $M$. The transformation
    $F \mapsto g_F$ is $C^0$-stable and has good
    smoothness properties, in contrast to previously considered
    constructions. The Riemannian metric $g_F$ also behaves nicely under
    conformal or isometric transformations of the Finsler metric $F$ that
    makes it a powerful tool in Finsler geometry. We illustrate that by
    solving a number of named problems in Finsler geometry. In particular
    we extend a classical result of Wang to all dimensions. We answer a
    question of Matsumoto about local conformal mapping between two
    Berwaldian spaces and use it to investigation of essentially conformally Berwaldian manifolds.
    We describe all possible conformal self maps and all self similarities
    on a Finsler manifold, generasing the famous result of Obata to Finslerian manifolds. We also classify all compact conformally flat
    Finsler manifolds. We solve a conjecture of Deng and Hou on locally
    symmetric Finsler spaces. We prove smoothness of isometries of Holder-continuous Finsler metrics. We construct new ``easy to calculate''
    conformal and metric invariants of finsler manifolds.
    The results are based on the papers arXiv:1104.1647, arXiv:1409.5611,
    arXiv:1408.6401, arXiv:1506.08935,
    arXiv:1406.2924
    partially joint with M. Troyanov (EPF Lausanne) and Yu. Nikolayevsky (Melbourne).
  • (No colloquium)

    Speaker: General Departmental Meeting () -

    When: Wed, October 11, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • No colloquium

    Speaker: Departmental Meeting () -

    When: Wed, October 18, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • No colloquium

    Speaker: Departmental Meeting () -

    When: Wed, October 25, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • Some results on affine Deligne-Lusztig varieties

    Speaker: Xuhua He (UMD) - http://www.math.umd.edu/~xuhuahe/

    When: Wed, November 1, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: In Linear Algebra 101, we encounter two important features of the group of invertible matrices: Gauss elimination method, or the LU decomposition of almost all matrices, which is an important special case of the Bruhat decomposition; the Jordan normal form, which gives a classification of the conjugacy classes of invertible matrices.

    The study of the interaction between the Bruhat decomposition and the conjugation action is an important and very active area. In this talk, we focus on the affine Deligne-Lusztig variety, which describes the interaction between the Bruhat decomposition and the Frobenius-twisted conjugation action of loop groups. The affine Deligne-Lusztig variety was introduced by Rapoport around 20 years ago and it has found many applications in arithmetic geometry and number theory.

    In this talk, we will discuss some recent progress on the study of affine Deligne-Lusztig varieties, and some applications to Shimura varieties.
  • Quantitative estimates of propagation of chaos for large systems of interacting particles

    Speaker: Pierre-Emmanuel Jabin (UMD) - http://www2.cscamm.umd.edu/~jabin/

    When: Wed, November 8, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: We present a new method to derive quantitative estimates proving the propagation of chaos for large stochastic or deterministic systems of interacting particles. Our approach requires to prove large deviations estimates for non-continuous potentials modified by the limiting law. But it leads to explicit bounds on the relative entropy between the joint law of the particles and the tensorized law at the limit; and it can be applied to very singular kernels that are only in negative Sobolev spaces and include the Biot-Savart law for 2d Navier-Stokes
  • Scale, pattern and biodiversity

    Speaker: Simon Levin (Princeton ) -

    When: Wed, November 15, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: One of the deepest problems in ecology is in understanding how so many species coexist, competing for a limited number of resources. This motivated much of Darwin’s thinking, and has remained a theme explored by such key thinkers as Hutchinson (“The paradox of the plankton”), MacArthur, May and others. A key to coexistence, is in the development of spatial and spatio-temporal patterns, and in the coevolution of life-history patterns that both generate and exploit spatio-temporal heterogeneity. Here, general theories of pattern formation, which have been prevalent not only in ecology but also throughout science, play a fundamental role in generating understanding. The interaction between diffusive instabilities, multiple stable basins of attraction, critical transitions, stochasticity and far-from-equilibrium phenomena creates a broad panoply of mechanisms that can contribute to coexistence, as well as a rich set of mathematical questions and phenomena. This lecture will cover as much of this as time allows.
  • Math Teaching Forum

    Speaker: () -

    When: Fri, November 17, 2017 - 3:00pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: Our lecturers Hilaf Hasson, Kendall Williams and Allan Yashinski will be hosting the panel on the realities of teaching. The target audience first includes Math TAs but we are hoping to attract many in the department. Light refreshments to follow in room 3201.
  • Ergodic properties of parabolic systems.

    Speaker: Adam Kanigowski

    When: Wed, November 29, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: Parabolic dynamical systems are systems of intermediate (polynomial) orbit growth. Most important classes of parabolic systems are: unipotent flows on homogeneous spaces and their smooth time changes, smooth flows on compact surfaces, translation flows and IET's (interval exchange transformations). Since the entropy of parabolic systems is zero, other properties describing chaoticity are crucial: mixing, higher order mixing, decay of correlations.
    One of the most important tools in parabolic dynamics is the Ratner property (on parabolic divergence), introduced by M. Ratner in the class of horocycle flows. This property was crucial in proving famous Ratner's rigidity theorems in the above class.

    We will introduce generalisations of Ratner's property for other parabolic systems and discuss it's consequences for chaotic properties. In particular this allows to approach the Rokhlin problem in the class of smooth flows on surfaces and in the class of smooth time changes of Heisenberg nilflows.
  • Mobius disjointness for some dynamical systems of controlled complexity

    Speaker: Zhiren Wang

    When: Wed, December 6, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: Sarnak's Mobius disjointness conjecture speculates that the Mobius sequence is disjoint to all topological dynamical systems of zero topological entropy. We will survey the recent developments in this area, and discuss several special classes of dynamical systems of controlled complexity that satisfy this conjecture. Part of the talk is based on joint works with Wen Huang, Xiangdong Ye, and Guohua Zhang. No background knowledge in either dynamical systems or number theory will be assumed.

  • Dimension gaps in self-affine sponges

    Speaker: David Simmons (University of York) -

    When: Thu, December 7, 2017 - 2:00pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: Abstract: In this talk, I will discuss a long-standing open problem in the dimension theory of dynamical systems, namely whether every expanding repeller has an ergodic invariant measure of full Hausdorff dimension, as well as my recent result showing that the answer is negative. The counterexample is a self-affine sponge in $\mathbb R^3$ coming from an affine iterated function system whose coordinate subspace projections satisfy the strong separation condition. Its dynamical dimension, i.e. the supremum of the Hausdorff dimensions of its invariant measures, is strictly less than its Hausdorff dimension. More generally we compute the Hausdorff and dynamical dimensions of a large class of self-affine sponges, a problem that previous techniques could only solve in two dimensions. The Hausdorff and dynamical dimensions depend continuously on the iterated function system defining the sponge, which implies that sponges with a dimension gap represent a nonempty open subset of the parameter space. This work is joint with Tushar Das (Wisconsin -- La Crosse).
  • TBA (Douglas Lecture)

    Speaker: Daniel Tataru (UC Berkeley) - https://math.berkeley.edu/~tataru/

    When: Fri, December 8, 2017 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • Taking Mathematics to Heart

    Speaker: Alfio Quarteroni (Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy and EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland ) - https://cmcs.epfl.ch/people/quarteroni

    When: Fri, February 2, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: Abstract : In this presentation I will highlight the great potential offered by the interplay between data science and computational science to efficiently solve real life large scale problems . The leading application that I will address is the numerical simulation of the heart function.

    The motivation behind this interest is that cardiovascular diseases unfortunately represent one of the leading causes of death in Western Countries.

    Mathematical models based on first principles allow the description of the blood motion in the human circulatory system, as well as the interaction between electrical, mechanical and fluid-dynamical processes occurring in the heart. This is a classical environment where multi-physics processes have to be addressed.


    Appropriate numerical strategies can be devised to allow for an effective description of the fluid in large and medium size arteries, the analysis of physiological and pathological conditions, and the simulation, control and shape optimization of assisted devices or surgical prostheses.

    This presentation will address some of these issues and a few representative applications of clinical interest.
  • Defects in periodic homogenization problems : Toward a complete theory [Appl Math Colloquium]

    Speaker: Claude Le Bris (Ecole des Ponts and Inria) - https://cermics.enpc.fr/~lebris/

    When: Tue, February 6, 2018 - 3:30pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: We will present some recent mathematical contributions related to nonperiodic homogenization problems. The difficulty stems from the fact that the medium is not assumed periodic, but has a structure with a set of embedded localized defects, or more generally a structure that, although not periodic, enjoys nice geometrical features. The purpose is then to construct a theoretical setting providing an efficient and accurate approximation of the solution. The questions raised ranged from the theory of elliptic PDEs, homogenization theory to harmonic analysis and singular operators.
  • Aziz Lecture

    Speaker: Claude Le Bris () -

    When: Wed, February 7, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • Spectral analysis on singular spaces

    Speaker: Alexander Teplyaev (University of Connecticut) - http://teplyaev.math.uconn.edu

    When: Fri, February 9, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: The talk will outline recent achievements and challenges in spectral and stochastic analysis on non-smooth spaces that are very singular, but can be approximated by graphs or manifolds. In particular, the talk will present two of most interesting examples that are currently
    under investigation. One example deals with the spectral analysis of the Laplacian on the famous basilica Julia set, the Julia set of the polynomial z^2-1. This is a joint work with Luke Rogers and several students at UConn. The other example deals with spectral, stochastic, functional analysis for the canonical diffusion on the pattern spaces of an aperiodic Delone set. This is a joint work with Patricia Alonso-Ruiz, Michael Hinz and Rodrigo Trevino.
  • Stability for symmetric groups and Hecke algebras

    Speaker: Weiqiang Wang (University of Virginia) Abstract: We will describe a certain stability for the centers of the group algebras of the symmetric groups S_n for varying n, and its geometric counterpart. (To experts: this is not about Schubert calculus). We shall then explain the generalization of this stability phenomenon for wreath products and for Hecke algebras. This talk should be accessible to graduate students.

    When: Wed, February 14, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: We will describe a certain stability for the centers of the group algebras of the symmetric groups S_n for varying n, and its geometric counterpart. (To experts: this is not about Schubert calculus). We shall then explain the generalization of this stability phenomenon for wreath products and for Hecke algebras. This talk should be accessible to graduate students.
  • Alpha invariants and birational geometry.

    Speaker: Ivan Cheltsov (University of Edinburgh, UK) - http://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/cheltsov/Abstract: Tian introduced alpha invariants to study the existence ofKahler-Einstein metrics on Fano manifolds.In this talk we describe (explicit and implicit) appearance of alphainvariants in (global and local) birational geometry.

    When: Wed, February 21, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: Tian introduced alpha invariants to study the existence ofKahler-Einstein metrics on Fano manifolds.In this talk we describe (explicit and implicit) appearance of alphainvariants in (global and local) birational geometry.
  • Nonlinear fluid-structure interaction with fiber-reinforced soft composites: a unified mathematical framework for mathematical analysis, computation and applications

    Speaker: Suncica Canic (University of Houston) - https://www.math.uh.edu/~canic/

    When: Fri, February 23, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: Fiber-reinforced structures arise in many engineering and biological applications. Examples include space inflatable habitats, vascular stents supporting compliant vascular walls, and aortic valve leaflets. In all these examples a metallic mesh, or a collection of fibers, is used to support an elastic structure, and the resulting composite structure has novel mechanical characteristics preferred over the characteristics of each individual component. These structures interact with the surrounding deformable medium, e.g., blood flow or air flow, or another elastic structure, constituting a fluid-structure interaction (FSI) problem. Modeling and computer simulation of this class of FSI problems is important for manufacturing and design of novel materials, space habitats, and novel medical constructs.
    Mathematically, these problems give rise to a class of highly nonlinear, moving- boundary problems for systems of partial differential equations of mixed type. To date, there is no general existence theory for solutions of this class of problems, and numerical methodology relies mostly on monolithic/implicit schemes, which suffer from bad condition numbers associated with the fluid and structure sub- problems. In this talk we present a unified mathematical framework to study existence of weak solutions to FSI problems involving incompressible, viscous fluids and elastic structures. The mathematical framework provides a constructive existence proof, and a partitioned, loosely coupled scheme for the numerical solution of this class of FSI problems. The constructive existence proof is based on time-discretization via operator splitting, and on our recent extension of the Aubin-Lions-Simon compactness lemma to problems on moving domains. The resulting numerical scheme has been applied to problems in cardiovascular medicine, showing excellent performance, and providing medically beneficial information. Examples of applications in coronary angioplasty and micro- swimmer biorobot design will be shown.
  • TBA

    Speaker: Richard Schwartz (Brown University) - http://www.math.brown.edu/~res/

    When: Wed, March 14, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • Distinguished Lecture in Geometry - Richard Schoen (Stanford, UC Irvine)

    When: Thu, March 15, 2018 - 4:30pm
    Where:
  • Distinguished Lecture Geometry - Richard Schoen (Stanford, UC Irvine)

    When: Fri, March 16, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where:

    View Abstract

    Abstract: We will introduce the positive mass theorem which is a problem originating in general relativity, and which turns out to be connected to important mathematical questions including the study of metrics of constant scalar curvature and the stability of minimal hypersurface singularities. We will then give a general description of our recent work with S. T. Yau on resolving the theorem on high dimensional non-spin manifolds.
    https://www-math.umd.edu/research/conferences/geometry-week-march-12-16-2018/distinguished-lectures-in-geometric-analysis.html
  • TBA

    Speaker: Richard Montgomery (UCSC) - https://people.ucsc.edu/~rmont/

    When: Wed, March 28, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • Spring Teaching forum

    Speaker: Teaching forum () -

    When: Wed, April 11, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • TBA

    Speaker: Shrawan Kumar (UNC at Chapel Hill) - http://www.unc.edu/math/Faculty/kumar/

    When: Wed, April 18, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206

    View Abstract

    Abstract: TBA
  • TBA

    Speaker: Alexander Vladimirsky (Cornell University) - http://www.math.cornell.edu/~vlad/

    When: Wed, April 25, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • TBA

    Speaker: TBA Kirwan Lecture () -

    When: Fri, April 27, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • TBA

    Speaker: Lillian Pierce (Duke University/IAS) - https://services.math.duke.edu/~pierce/

    When: Wed, May 2, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206
  • TBA (Aziz)

    Speaker: Arnaud Debussche (ENS, Rennes, France) - http://w3.ens-rennes.fr/math/people/arnaud.debussche/

    When: Fri, May 4, 2018 - 3:15pm
    Where: Kirwan Hall 3206